To be a licensed naturopathic doctor (N.D.) one must have a B.Sc or equivalent before being enrolled in the 4-year Naturopathic Medical School program. Students are trained and educated in clinical nutrition, botanical herbal medicine, acupuncture and Asian medicine, lifestyle counselling, homeopathic medicine, various hands on therapies and more.  During your first appointment with a licensed N.D. a comprehensive health assessment and diagnosis is done so that a personalized treatment plan can be put together for you.  This could include some or all of the above treatment modalities.  The range of naturopathic medical services and treatment modalities offered include - but are not limited to - the following: